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Brilliant Blue (Molecule of the Month for November 2008)

E133, FD&C Blue No.1, Acid Blue 9,Alzen Food Blue No. 1, Erioglaucine, Eriosky blue

Brilliant Blue FCF, also known under commercial names, is a colorant for foods and other substances to induce a color change. It is denoted by E number E133 and has a color index of 42090. It has the appearance of a reddish-blue powder. It is soluble in water, and the solution has a maximum absorption at about 630 nanometer. It is a synthetic dye derived from coal tar. It can be combined with tartrazine (E102) to produce various shades of green.

As a blue color, Brilliant Blue FCF is often found in ice cream, tinned processed peas, dairy products, sweets, and drinks. It is also used in soaps, shampoos, and other hygiene and cosmetics applications. In soil science, Brilliant Blue is applied in tracing studies to visualize infiltration and water distribution in the soil.

It has previously been banned in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland among others but has been certified as a safe food additive in the EU and is today unbanned in most of the countries. In the United States production exceeds 1 million pounds annually, and daily consumption is around 16 mg per person.

Picture of Brilliant Blue 3D model

click on the picture of  Brilliant Blue above to interact
with the 3D model of the
Brilliant Blue structure
(this will open a new browser window)

Picture of Brilliant Blue

C37 H34 N2 Na2 O9 S3

Update by Karl Harrison
(Molecule of the Month for November 2008 )

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