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Febrifugine (Molecule of the Month for July 2012)



Febrifugine is a quinazolinone alkaloid first isolated from Chinese herb Dichroa febrifuga, but also found in the garden plant Hydrangea. Febrifugine has antimalarial properties and the halogenated derivative halofuginone is used in veterinary medicine as a coccidiostat.

Febrifugine is the active principal isolated 50 years ago from the Chinese herb chang shan (Dichroa febrifuga Lour), which has been used as an antimalarial in Chinese traditional medicine for more than 2,000 years. However, intensive study of the properties of febrifugine has been hindered for decades due to its side effects.

The side effects of febrifugine and its analogs mainly include diarrhea and gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Formal Chemical Name (IUPAC)
3-{3-[(2S,3R)-3-Hydroxypiperidin-2-yl]-2-oxopropyl}quinazolin-4(3H)-one

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Febrifugine

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC549280/

Picture of Febrifugine

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Febrifugine structure
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Picture of Febrifugine

C16H19N3O3



Update by Karl Harrison
(Molecule of the Month for July 2012 )