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Desflurane (Molecule of the Month for March 2015)



Desflurane is used for maintenance of general anaesthesia. Together with sevoflurane, it is gradually replacing isoflurane for human use, except in the third world where its high cost precludes its use. It has the most rapid onset and offset of the volatile anaesthetic drugs used for general anaesthesia due to its low solubility in blood.

The major drawbacks of desflurane are its low potency, its pungency and its high cost. It may cause tachycardia and airway irritability when administered at concentrations greater than 10 vol%.

Though it vaporises very readily, it is a liquid at room temperature. Anaesthetic machines use an unusual anaesthetic vaporiser that heats it to generate a gas.

Formal Chemical Name (IUPAC)
2-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desflurane

Picture of Desflurane 3D model

click on the picture of  Desflurane above to interact
with the 3D model of the
Desflurane structure
(this will open a new browser window)

Picture of Desflurane

C3 H2 F6 O



Update by Karl Harrison
(Molecule of the Month for March 2015 )

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