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Azithromycin (Molecule of the Month for June 2006)

Sumamed, Zithromax



Azithromycin is an antibiotics, and is one of the world's best-selling antibiotics. Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, most often bacteria causing middle ear infections, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and sinusitis. It is also effective against certain sexually transmitted infectious diseases, such as non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis.

Azithromycin prevents bacteria from growing by interfering with their protein synthesis.

Formal Chemical Name (IUPAC)
(2R,3S,4S,5S,8R,10R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-11-((2S,3R,4S,6R)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-hydroxy-6-methyl-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-13-((2R,4R,5S,6S)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyl-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azithromycin

Picture of Azithromycin

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Azithromycin structure
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Picture of Azithromycin

C38H72N2O12



Update by Karl Harrison
(Molecule of the Month for June 2006 )