3DChem.com - Chemistry, Structures & 3D Molecules a visual and interactive website showcasing the beautiful world of chemistry

Alprazolam (Molecule of the Month for July 2003)

Xanax



A member of the family Benzodiazepines, it is taken orally. It has a relatively short half life compared to other benzodiazepines (11-16 hours) and fewer metabolites accumulate. This is of benefit to elderly patients. Benefits can be seen in a day to a week. The drug gained FDA approval in 1981.

It is an anti anxiety agent and is prescribed for the short term relief of mild to moderate anxiety/tension. It is also used in the treatment of panic attacks, irritable bowel syndrome, PMS, agoraphobia, essential tremor and ringing ears.

The drug affects the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the CNS. It binds with receptors to stop the action of certain neurotransmitters. This produces CNS depression.

Formal Chemical Name (IUPAC)

Picture of Alprazolam 3D model

click on the picture of  Alprazolam above to interact
with the 3D model of the
Alprazolam structure
(this will open a new browser window)

Picture of Alprazolam

C17 H13 Cl N4



Update by Karl Harrison
(Molecule of the Month for July 2003 )

Stacks Image 34 All the images on this web site are are made available with a Creative Commons Attribution license and so can be used as long as the attribution
© Karl Harrison 3DChem.com is written with the image. High resolution images and illustrations are available on request.